How to Repot Plumeria

What You'll Need
Fertilizer, whatever you usually give your plumeria shrub
Topsoil (something well-draining, like topsoil mixed with lava rock and/or sand)
New pot
Plumeria plant for repotting
Newspaper for work area (optional, if the plant is young and pot is small)

Plumeria is fragrant, beautiful and hardy. Growing a plumeria shrub outdoors may be more feasible for some, however others may want to plant your plumeria indoors in a container, in order to better control the environment and protect the plant from the winter cold.

Step 1 – Identify The Need For Repotting

As with other plants, growing a plumeria in a container poses one major problem: Limits. The plant’s root system is very literally bound by the pot, which means the roots can grow in a spiral around the pot, tangled up in each other, or even out of the pot. In some cases you may even see the roots growing out of the drainage holes!

These signs are how you can tell whether or not your plumeria needs to be repotted. If any of these symptoms are visible to you, it’s time to buy your beautiful plant a new home. Don’t buy one too large. This can actually kill the plant because the soil can hold more water this way, thus causing root rot. Try to plan for about 2 years of growth, and each time you repot, plan accordingly.

Step 2 – Prepare Pot, Work Area, and Plant

If you’re working indoors, lay down some newspaper so as to contain the dirty mess that comes from taking a plant from its pot. If you’re outdoors, or your plant is too big to repot inside, don’t worry about this step.

Go ahead and fill your new pot about halfway with the soil/lava rock/sand mixture, to give your plumeria a well-drained place to live. Plumerias prefer dry soil and will rot promptly if subjected to wet conditions. It may be a good time to give the soil a full dose of fertilizer, like you usually do in your plumeria care regimen. Set the pot aside and work on your plant.

Step 3 – Get That Plant Out Of There!

Since you’ve inspected your plumeria shrub already to determine whether or not to repot, you should be aware of how to pull out your bush. Lift the plant and turn it over, taking care not to let the plant touch the ground (this can put unnecessary pressure on the stems). Thump the bottom a couple of times with your hand and loosen the plant. When you remove it, turn it back rightside up, and gently loosen the roots. If the roots started to spiral around the pot, simply score downwards down the roots. This will encourage them to grow in a better direction.

If the roots are growing out of the drainage hole, very gently try to work that root back up through the drainage hole as you pull out your plant. Generally the biggest root there is known as the taproot of a plant, and this is the most important root, so you don’t want to damage it if that’s the root coming through the hole.
Once you have it out, you can repot it.

Step 4 – Repot

With your plant in one hand, use your free hand to dig a well into the topsoil mixture in your pot. This means that you dig a hole within the dirt, but not all the way to the bottom, to accommodate your plant. After it’s dug, simply place your plumeria into it and pour the rest of your topsoil mixture into your pot. Gently pat it down so as to support the plumeria plant, and step back to admire your work.