How to Set Up a Home Studio Mixer Cost Effectively

What You'll Need
Home studio mixer unit
Monitors and amplifier
Laptop/desktop computer (optional)
Professional audio interface
Vinyl decks (optional)
Empty room
Two desk units (at least 4 foot in length)
Computer chair

Setting up a home studio mixer may seem a daunting task with many different varieties of electronic components to choose from. However, this simple guide will show you the ease with which you create your very own home studio from which you can produce and edit all types of media and data. A home studio has become much more affordable over the last decade. 

Step One - Setting up the Site

For this project you will need a fairly large clear room, measuring at least 8 feet by 8 feet. You will need space for two desk units on which to place components, as well as many plug sockets due to the massive amount of wiring that you will encounter. A room with only one entrance and excellent sound containment is preferred, as it will allow the least amount of sound to 'leak' from the studio room. 

Step Two - Selecting your Components

You must make choices regarding your equipment prior to your home studio construction. A mixer unit should boast at least 12 channels. Microphones are available with professional-quality performance for relatively low prices. Monitor speakers are designed to highlight the slightest audio imperfection so high quality projection is paramount - whilst factors like bass levels and volume are less important. The professional audio interface connects your laptop or desktop computer to the studio. Due to the incredible variety of products available, it is highly advised that you discuss with a specialist in order to avoid compatibility issues.

 Step Three - Construction Begins

First, you must set up the desk units practically. These desks will hold your entire studio so must be sturdy. Assuming you have all the correct components, you must now place these on your desks. Place the monitors around the edges of the room so that they provide high quality reverberated feedback. Studio-specific desks may have monitor spaces and routers allowing for safe positioning.  

Step Four - Getting Connected

Next, you will position the various components in the most convenient places and connect the kilometres of wiring that you will receive with your parts. The mixer should be placed in the middle of your main desk and will act as a central hub. For DJs who also require vinyl or CD decks, place one of these either side of the mixer. This allows for the easiest work when in use. The monitors must be connected to the amplifier, which is then connected to a mixer channel. Each component will be linked to the mixer. Check relevant manufacturer's guide if unsure. 

Step Five - Computer integration

If you purchased a professional audio interface (also known as a P.A system) you will be able to integrate your computer. This allows you to use music production software in tandem with sounds and audio bites created in your home studio. This is the standard for modern home studios and provides incredible results. You will connect the computer to the P.A system, which will be connected to one of the mixer's channels. Now that everything is connected, you can sit back and begin to produce beautiful music.