How to Test an Oven Heating Element
If your electric oven is not heating properly or is heating too fast, you may want to check the oven heating element to make sure that it is working properly.
Step 1 – Preparation
To prevent any electrical shock, your oven should first be unplugged or turned off at the electrical service panel.
Step 2 – Detaching the Elements
There are two elements in an electric oven: the one at the top, which is the main one, and the one at the bottom, which is used for broiling. These can be either screwed or bolted on, so use the appropriate tool to get them unfastened. They will also be held by support brackets, which can be unscrewed.
Step 3 – Removing the Elements
Pull the elements forward so that you can expose the wiring that is still attached. Be careful when you detach the wiring from the elements, as you don't want to bend anything out of shape nor do you want the wires to fall back out of sight.
Step 4 – Check the Elements
Now that you have the elements out of the oven, it's time to check them. Set your multimeter to resistance times one and touch the probes to the wire terminals. This should give you an even reading. Now place one probe on the wire terminal and the other on the the element. The needle should not move. If there is no continuity or if the needle moves with these tests, you will need to replace your heating element as this means there is a malfunction.