How to Transplant a Canna Lily
Canna lilies have been a garden favorite since the 16th Century, with their large showy flowers and furled leaves resembling those on a banana tree. These perennials are a beautiful addition to any garden, adding a majestic touch with their bold presence and bright colors. Canna lilies can grow up to 1 meter in height and come in a range of colors that include red, golden, pink, orange and yellow.
Keep these steps in mind when transplanting hardy canna lilies to your garden to add a splash of color to a particular spot.
Step 1 - Select Appropriate Site
Select a location that receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight, although off-white flowering canna lilies prefer partial shade in order to thrive and produce healthy flowers. All lilies prefer a moist well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter.
It is always best to transplant the lily just after sunset to minimize the exposure of the delicate roots to the bright sunlight in order to prevent the lily from going into shock.
Step 2 - Prepare Site for Planting
Spread a layer of compost over the site a day before transplanting the lily and rake it in to ensure it goes deep into the soil. Also water the soil well.
On the transplanting day, dig a hole at least 6 inches deep in the soil with a shovel or spade. Make sure the hole is roughly a few inches wider than the root ball.
Step 3 - Remove Lily from Pot
Carefully lift the lily from the pot you purchased it in, ensuring any clumps of dirt sticking to its roots remain. If it is hard to remove the lily from the pot, simply roll it on the ground gently for one rotation to loosen it. Make sure the roots do not circle the bottom of the root ball, and loosen them if they do to encourage them to spread in the soil.
Step 4 - Transplant Lily in the Soil
Position the lily into the hole carefully, with the top of the potting soil ball in line with the surrounding soil surface. You may add or remove soil underneath the canna lily to adjust the height, but lift the canna lily by the shoot carefully when doing so. Place the lily in the center of the hole and gently spread its roots to encourage them to spread and grow.
Backfill the hole with soil so the lily is secure and press it down with your fingers to remove any air bubbles or gaps.
Step 5 - Caring for the Canna Lily
- Water the canna lily well, especially after transplanting. Let the water collect around the plant and then sink into the soil.
- Water it once daily to evenly moisten the soil, or more during hot, dry weather. Heavy watering after prolonged periods will cause the leaves to tear.
- Add a layer of mulch over the site to retain moisture and prevent competing weeds from growing.
- Use a slow-release fertilizer once in the growing season and water the plant well before and after the application.