How to Use a Level Tool to Level Your Soil

What You'll Need
6 foot length of 2 by 4 inch lumber
Spirit level
Garden roller
Grass seed

You can use a level tool for many things. One of them, although it might not immediately occur to most people, is for leveling your yard. There’s something lovely about a perfectly flat yard. It takes hard work to achieve a completely flat yard, but it can be done quite effectively if you have a good, flat lot. Even if you don’t, there will still be areas within your garden that you can level effectively.

Step 1 - Rough Leveling

Although your yard might look reasonably level, it almost certainly isn’t. There will be plenty of dips and small hills. Take a look at your yard after it’s been raining,as this is the best time to spot the uneven areas.

Using stakes, mark out the most obvious uneven areas. Where there are small hills, remove some of the topsoil and sod with a shovel and put it in a wheelbarrow. Rake until the surface appears even. Where you have dips, fill them lightly with topsoil from the barrow and rake until reasonably level. Use a garden roller on the areas.

Step 2 - Level

Now, put your spirit level tool on the wood and lay on the grass, working in different directions. You’ll soon be able to see where the ground is not level. Stake these areas again. It’s best if you can use 2 different colors of stakes with one for drips and one for hills. Cover the entire yard this way until you’ve determined how much work you need to do.

Step 3 - Topsoil

Now you know which areas need top soil added and which areas need to have it removed. Go slowly without adding or removing too much soil and keep using the level tool as you work to be sure the area ends up flat and level. After you’ve covered an area, use the garden roller on it then check again with the level tool, adding or removing a little more soil as necessary. After shoveling soil, always use the rake to break up clumps before leveling the soil.

Step 4 - Finish Level

Once you believe you have the yard completely level, use your level tool again. You’ll inevitably find a few areas that will not yet be level. Work on these again, roll them and check once more with the level tool. Roll the entire yard and check one last time with your level tool. By now, the yard should be as level as it’s possible to get it. Don’t worry if it’s not 100% level, since it’s almost impossible to achieve.

Your yard will look a little patchy at this point with a mix of grass and topsoil. Scatter grass seed on the soil and give it ample time to sprout. Use a hardy seed such as bluegrass. You might need a few applications of seed for it all to take root. Don’t cut the grass until it’s all properly rooted. You might need to wait a month. After your first cut, your yard will appear perfectly flat.