How to Use Disc Harrows
Disc harrows can be used in the lawn and garden to cultivate the soil where you plan on planting. It is a tool that comes in handy and can help to get rid of any clumps and packed soil if it is in the way of your planting. Here are a few steps to help guide you if this is your first time using a disc harrow.
Step 1 - Set Up
The first thing that you will need to do is find the right disc harrow for the job that you are planning. Once you have done this, you can attach it to the back of the tractor so that you can pull it around. You will want to find the proper pitch for the disc harrow and you can change it by taking out the bolt in the center pole and sliding the angles forward and backward. If you are looking for more cuts or a finer ground then you will want it to be more angled. If you do angle them down completely, you will want to make sure that your tractor has enough power to pull it, as the more angle, the more horsepower it will take.
Step 2 - Plow and Begin
The next thing that you want to do is plow your garden or the area that you are planning on planting in. Once you have finished plowing you can begin riding the disc harrow over the area that needs to be worked. This will begin to work the bigger clumps into smaller, more manageable ones. Continue to drive over the area up and down slowly while the disc harrow works behind the tractor. You may want to consider doing this twice or even three times depending on the kind of soil.
Step 3 - Add Chain Harrow If Necessary or Change Size
If you are looking to get an even finer grade than you now have, you can add a chain harrow behind. You can do this easily with an attachment behind the tractor and then continue to drive up and down. If the chain harrow isn't giving you what you want, then you can consider using a different size disc harrow.
Step 3 - Go Over Tracks
Once you have finished breaking up the soil and clumps and making the soil finer, you can use the disc harrow one more time to get rid of the tracks that you may have left on the soil. You will want to move up and down one last time slowly through the soil.
Once you are finished you will want to make sure that there aren't any clumps left and if you you can, use a hand-held tool to get rid of anything. Now that everything is clear and the soil is ready to be planted, you can take the necessary steps that you need to in order to begin planting your crops.