Hydraulic Log Splitter Basics

A hydraulic log splitter is simple yet ingenious backyard tool that not only can save you time, but it will spare your body as well. With this tool, the days of chopping wood endlessly for winter with a splitting maul are all but over. Although they can run in the thousands of dollars, a gas-powered horizontal or vertical log splitter is worth the investment if splitting wood is a regular seasonal chore.

Basic Components

There are just a few basic parts to a hydraulic log splitter. In addition to the steel I-beam frame, mounted wheels, trailer hitch and splitting wedge, the machine consists of a 2-stroke, gas powered engine, a hydraulic cylinder, a control valve and a log splitter pump.

The engine powers the pump, which sends high-pressure hydraulic fluid into the hydraulic chamber, propelling the cylinder forward. The cylinder is attached to a carriage that pushes a log onto a splitting wedge, cutting the log in two. The valve controls the hydraulic cylinder.

A hydraulic log splitter is one of the simplest hydraulic tools in use, and it is extremely handy for splitting a great amount of firewood. Safety is a priority when using a log splitter, so always wear safety glasses and gloves when operating your machine.