Identifying Common Hub Bearing Problems

Imagine this: you are driving along the freeway until you realize a problem with your hub bearing. At first you didn’t mind it, but after some time, the vibration indicates that there’s something wrong with your car. If you feel any shaking beneath while your car is in motion, you need to have it checked at once.

Preliminary Check

Of course, not all vibrations beneath your car have to do with your hub assembly. The first thing you need to do is confirm the damage. Stop your car first and check the wheel. Jack up the vehicle, then move the wheel at 6 o’clock to 12 o’clock positions. Try to move it with your hand, if you experience difficulty or hear any noise; that could indicate there’s a problem with your hub assembly.

There are other ways of checking if you have problems with your hub wheel. The ABS sensor can tell if you have problems with the system. The ABS sensor will detect if you have a problem with your hub bearing. You need to have this checked, if the sensor detects any malfunction with your hub bearing. This could detach the wheel from the vehicle. Also, this can cause loss of steering control.

After driving 10 miles, check if the hub is warm. The hub assembly protects the system from friction. If you sense heat, it’s time to have your hubs changed.

If you drive a lot you need to have your hub bearing checked from time to time to make sure you don’t encounter any hassles while on the road.


Changing your hub bearings as soon as possible would help you prevent having problems later on. Failure to do so could cause the wheel not to be stable around the wheel arc, this can damage the brakes and the hub.


If you plan to change your damaged hub bearing, the first thing you need to do is to get a torque wrench. You will have to remove the wheel, brakes and the hub nut. You will use the torque wrench to tighten the bolts and nuts.

If you are on the road, park your car first at the side and apply the parking brake. Use a wheel chock and put it behind the rear tire. Loosen the nuts until you have lifted the wheel. Use a jack stand to support the vehicle, and then remove the nuts.

Depending on the model of your car, sometimes, you may need to remove the brake pads.

Remove the rotor using a large rubber mallet. If the rotor is connected to the hub, you need to hit this using the mallet. But be careful not to hit too hard. Repeat until the rotor comes off from the hub. Remove any ABS wires attached. Remove the old and put the new bearings in, then reassemble.