Identifying Different Varieties of Serviceberry Trees
The serviceberry tree, also known as the Juneberry, is a small bush-like plant that is popular with ornamental gardeners and fruit growers. All of those bushes hybridize very easily, and as a result, there are many different varieties of serviceberry.
Varieties of Serviceberry
Allegheny Serviceberry–Smallest of serviceberry trees.
Canadian Serviceberry–A short bush with oval leaves, which have downy undersides. Flowers are white and in clumps of four to ten. Small, dark purple fruits.
Cusick’s Shadbush–With its comparatively long petals, the Cusick’s shadbush has white flowers which appear in clumps of 3 to 10. Small and hairless upon extension.
Downy Serviceberry–Grows between 16 and 40 feet tall, although it can reach 65 feet if grown carefully. Leaves are oval or elliptical, with five-petaled flowers and a reddish-purple berry.
Dwarf Shadbush–Non-hairy leaves and flowers.
Mountain Juneberry–Egg-shaped leaves, and five-petalled flowers. Fruits are initially red and later purple. Fruit appears to be pear-shaped.
Nantucket Shadbush–Significantly smaller than others, sometimes only reaching 8 feet. It has andropetaly, where the male plants also flower. It has recently been documented as reproducing asexually.
Saskatoon Serviceberry–White, hairy flowers, which grow in clumps of up to 20, and small purple berries which ripen in summer. Round, truncated leaves that are well-grown by the time the Saskatoon reaches flower. Flowers usually only have leaves connected to the last flower. Rarely reaches above 32 feet in height.
Utah Serviceberry–Usually reaches 16 feet in height. Has spade-shaped green leaves, which are interspersed with flowers that exhibit five spread-out petals. Distinctive due to its persistently hairy leaves and minimum number of stamens.