Installation Basics for Air Heat Pumps

More and more homeowners are choosing to install air heat pumps rather than the customary furnace and centralized air conditioning systems. The reason behind this is that heat pumps provide the functions of those 2 devices. Heat pumps can both provide heating during the cold months of the year and cooling during summer. Because heat pumps serve dual purposes, homeowners find that less of a hassle. However, there are a few things that you want to keep in mind before, during and after installing an air source heat pump in your home.

Air Source Heat Pumps

Air source heat pumps generate heat by utilizing outdoor air. For this reason, you will have to install a fan box outside of your home. One thing that you may want to look into is the type of air source heat pump that you want for your home. Split type system heat pumps give you the added benefit of hot water as it uses heat from the system’s refrigerant. It can also provide separate heating for different sections of your home. The catch is this: split type system heat pumps can be rather pricey. On the other hand, you have the self-contained system air heat pump. This heat pump is so compact that you can have the entire unit installed inside your home. Different models of this kind is also capable of heating single rooms which makes it great for people who are just starting out.

Need for an Expert

Although air source heat pumps are generally less complicated to install than, let’s say, geothermal heat pumps, this does not mean that you can undertake the task all on your own. You need an expert in the field to install the unit for you or your heat pump may not run as efficient as it should be.

Physical Set Up

The most popular make of air source heat pumps is the split type so this article will be delving on that. Split-type air heat pumps require one unit to be installed inside your home and one outside, always the fan box. The 2 units are connected together by copper tubing. You will have to place refrigerant in that copper tubing to allow your heat pump to provide cooling for your home. The fan box has to be installed outside your house in a place where there are available power sockets and with a concrete slab as base for the fan box.

Duct Work System

Air source heat pumps provide heating and cooling through a duct work system. However, there are some homes without any pre-existing duct work systems. This is something that you need to clarify with your contractor before any work happens as the price is estimated to go up if you don't have the proper duck work system installed. However, there are newer models of air source heat pumps that no longer require ducting to distribute heating or cooling.

Power Considerations

Older houses will also need to have their electrical panel reconfigured to accommodate the power demands of the new heat pump system. The minimum should be at around 200 amp.