Masonry Wall Construction Tips Masonry Wall Construction Tips
Masonry wall construction is used for fencing and is an element in landscape design. It can be an impressive feature, but building one can be an intimidating task. This is especially true if you have never attempted this before. But it is a project you can do if you do the proper planning and learn the right techniques. You will also need some patience since this project can take time. At the end you will have a permanent feature you can feel proud of.
Often landscape walls are low structures. There are a couple of different kinds of walls. One type is dry-set with no mortar to hold it together. These are usually made of stone and no footing is required. The other type uses mortar to hold the masonry together and they require a footing. Usually a mortared wall is made of brick, concrete blocks, or stone. Freestanding walls are decorative in function. Aesthetics are a major consideration. Another kind of wall is a retaining wall. They also must be pleasing to the eye but they must be strong enough to support the earth they are supporting. These are often on a hillside or slope and can level an area of the landscape or keep soil from eroding.
Block Wall Construction Tips
- Build the corner first and then fill in between the corners to form the courses. Build the leads several layers high before filling them in with the blocks between them.
- If you have to apply mortar to block ends then set then on in end and apply the mortar to all of them at once.
- When excess mortar needs to be removed wait until it starting to dry and then scrape it off. If you remove it from soft mortar you can mar the surface.
- Strike the joints in small sections. If you are going to put a finish like stucco on the wall then just scrape off the extra mortar instead of spending the time to strike the joints.
- When you have finished the wall and the mortar has dried use a stiff brush to remove any dirt or excess mortar.
Brick Wall Construction Tips
- A foundation or footing of the wall is essential for a durable brick wall. The ratio of foundation to wall is 3:1. For every 3 feet of wall height the foundation should be set 1 foot deep. The width of your foundation should be four times the brick width.
- Pour water on the brick so they don’t absorb the water in the mortar.
- Be sure to use a level when laying each course.
- Use a trowel to fill in any gaps in the brick with mortar.
These tips will help you to build a wall you can take pride in.