The Mesquite tree is a bean producing plant typically from northern Mexico and the southern United States in and around Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.
Common species of mesquite are honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa), velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina), creeping mesquite (Prosopis strombulifera), and screwbean mesquite (Prosopis pubescens). The mesquite is a hardy, drought-resistant plant that grows long roots deep into the ground to draw water. As a result this plant sometimes is described as a nuisance as it draws precious water from deep sources that would otherwise go to crops or other plant life.
Mesquite plants grow seed pods that can be used to grow new plants. Usually seeds taken right from the pods can be planted right away. The seeds can be placed in deep pots with fairly well-drained soil. The pods should be at least an inch apart in the pot which can be placed in a shaded area.
Mesquite grows best in warm air and soil. Water the pots often to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Once a whole leaf forms on the plant, it can be replanted in another pot. Once the plants start growing they can be put into the ground after one season of growth, when they are dormant. All they require thereafter is steady watering.