Patio Paver Installation Tips Patio Paver Installation Tips

What You'll Need
Shovel
Pickaxe
Wheelbarrow
Measuring tape
Mechanical splitter
Saw
Mechanical compactor
Spray paint
Stakes
String
Safety glasses

Patio paver installation always improves the landscape, regardless of the location—inside or outside a building or house. Pavers are available in different materials, colors, shapes, and sizes. The most popular among them are the concrete patio pavers and the brick patio pavers.

Steps and Tips

After deciding on the style and material, buy the essential materials and tools from a home-garden center or a brick supplier. It is also possible to rent the machines.

Planning the layout: The first step of paving involves planning the layout and getting it drawn according to the measurements.

Cleaning and preparing the area: Cleaning, weeding, and leveling the area come next.

Outlining: Measure and mark out the area required for paving by using spray paint, about 8 inches outside the outline.

Creating gradient or slope: Creating a slope away from any buildings and walls is crucial. So, create a slope that drops about 0.5 inch per foot to the place where you want to direct the water.

Calculating the amount of paver base material: Multiply the length and breadth of the area to be paved. Add 5 to 10 percent to the calculated amount so that you can cut a few pavers needed to accommodate any odd angles or curves.

Excavating: Estimate the depth of soil to be dug out. Place marked stakes around the perimeter and tie a string tightly connecting the stakes around the boundary line to facilitate leveling. After excavation, pack the soil down firmly with a hand tamp or compacting machine.

Preparing the dugout site: Spread a layer of base material and level it to uniform thickness throughout the excavated area. The base material could be either crushed sharp-edged stones of varying sizes or sharp gravel. The sharp edges of the stones help in easy compaction when pressure is exerted on them. It is recommended that the base material be spread out in 2 to 3 layers and compaction be performed between each layer using the machine; this increases the durability of the layers.

Edgings: Edge restraints are necessary to keep the pavers in place. Without them, the pavers will move off from their position; this can ruin the hours of work you have put in. Edgings are available in plastic, treated wood, steel, aluminium, and even pre-cast concrete. Lay out the sand over the base material as 1- to 1.5-inch-thick layers and pack them down firmly.

Laying pavers: Lay the pavers very close to each other according to the pattern chosen. Use a mechanical splitter, a saw, or even a chisel and hammer to cut the pavers into shape. Do not forget to protect your eyes with safety glasses.

    Concrete Patio Pavers

    Find out about any underground utilities being done in your locality before you begin to dig the site. Except for a few occasional changes, the process for laying the brick and concrete pavers is the same as discussed above. Do remember to dig the soil 12 inches outside the perimeter and fill the excavated area with crushed stone aggregates to about 5-inch thickness while making the excavation.

     

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