If you are working on a landscape plan, then you may need to include some kind of yard drain to ensure that your landscaped area does not get bogged down in water. Drainage is a vital tool in keeping your landscaped garden flourishing, and yet it is often not fully understood by those who work it. In order to create a landscape which also functions as a yard drain, you should plan whether you want to install a raised landscape bed, or if you want to use other tricks to drain water off of your yard.
A good level of landscape and dirt can really help you to get rid of any problem areas of your yard. Gravel is one of the key tools in this action, which involves you putting a layer of gravel and soil beneath any lawn, flower or vegetable beds, and even pathways. This gravel should be composed of loosely fitting crushed stone, pebbles, or other small rocks. You should not use sand, polished stones, or other pieces which may reduce the amount of water that can drain from your top soil. Over the gravel, a layer good earth should then be covered with the soil of your yard. Don't allow the gravel to form troughs or trenches, as water can collect in here and not drain away efficiently.
If the gravel is a serious problem, then you will need to install several pipes. Use a perforated pipe, and bury it around three feet under the ground. Apply a few inches of gravel, a layer of suitable soil, and then replace the top soil above it. This should improve the drainage of your yard. As an alternative, a French drain can be fitted below flower beds, and then connect these to gutter pipes. The French drains will take water from the soil, and then carry it out to the gutters, where it will be moved into a sewer pipe.
Add Raised Beds
You can get around the difficult drainage of your yard in another way, by using the soil on which your yard is built. By adding raised flower or vegetable beds to the area, they will drain naturally, and prevent water from building up in your yard. Begin by digging a square hole the size of the bed, which will be filled with a layer of damp newspaper. You should place some peat moss or similar fertilizer over the top of this. You will then need to add nitrogen by placing food scraps or grass cuttings into the hole, along with carbon-filled items such as ash, newspaper, and leaves. You will need a level of carbon around 30 times greater than that of the nitrogen. Cover with fertilizer, and then a sheet of black garbage bag plastic. The stuff in the bed will decompose, leaving you with a raised, easily drainable bed of soil.