If you discover that the operation of your steering has suddenly changed because it has become loose or noisy, the problem will most likely lie with the power steering belt. By following a few easy steps, you will find that it is a component which is relatively easy to replace.
Step 1 – Gain Access
Gain access to the power steering belt by lifting the lid and properly securing it. Use the hood prop and ensure that it is firmly in place before beginning any work.
Step 2 – Loosen Steering Pump
In order to remove the power steering belt, you will initially need to do some work on the steering pump. Use a wrench to remove the bolt from the upper section of the pump, keep it somewhere safe when it is withdrawn. Loosen the bolt that secures the pump to the lower mount but do not remove it. Simply releasing it a little will be sufficient to relax the tension to the steering belt.
Step 3 – Remove Belt
Once there is some slack in the power steering belt, you will be in a position to remove it from the pulley by carefully prying it out of place. Do this after closely examining the positioning of it so that you know how to replace the new one. Depending on the model of the vehicle, you may find the process of removing the steering belt easier if you remove one of the motor pulleys first. Some V shaped pulleys will be able to be pulled apart so that they are in two halves. Be careful not to break the belt in the process of removing it.
Step 4 – Replace Belt
Position the new power steering belt onto the pulley. Ensure that the edge of the belt is fitted into the relevant pulley groove. Make sure that it is not twisted or gathered together. Use a screwdriver to pry the power steering pump away from the mount that it is connected with to get the correct tension to the belt. Once this has been achieved, you will be able to replace the components that secure the belt. Start by inserting the bolt from the upper mount and tightening it with a wrench, you will then be able to tighten the lower bolt. If you removed any of the pulleys in order to remove the belt, return these to their correct position and secure them properly.
Step 5 – Finish Up and Test
If any power steering fluid has been lost during the replacement procedure, take the opportunity to replenish this. Test the repair by getting someone to turn the wheel as you look at the belt. If all appears as it should, test drive the car while taking note of how the steering handles and whether you hear any unusual noises.