Safe and Secure Ways to Use Concrete Fasteners Safe and Secure Ways to Use Concrete Fasteners
Concrete fasteners are typically used to fasten many things onto concrete – doors, windows, cabinets, paintings and wall-mounted appliances Two factors are needed when using such fasteners and these are safety and security. When using concrete fasteners, make sure to install them safely to avoid all accidents and avoid damage to the wall or the material to be fastened.
Step 1 – Determining Which Fasteners to Use
There are different types of concrete fasteners such as concrete nails, screws, anchors, and adhesives. Be sure to check out the product description before using them. Concrete nails are effective for light to medium concrete fastening needs. Screws are great when fastening windows and doors. Anchors are required for heavy duty fastening applications. Adhesives also be applied to provide secure fastening and added fastening strength, especially with anchors and screws.
Step 2 – Safety Preparations
When working with concrete fastening, especially with ones that include power tools like concrete nailers, always wear safety glasses to protect the eyes. In addition, never point these tools to any part of the body or to somebody else. Never allow power tools to run when not in use.
Step 3 – Drilling Holes
To secure the fasteners to the concrete, drill a hole that is the exact diameter as that of the fastener. Do not drill a larger hole as this may compromise the holding strength of the fastener. Drill a hole that is at least half an inch deeper than the fastener using a hammer drill or follow the recommended depth provided by the manufacturer.
Step 4 – Installing the Fastener
The fastener needs to be inserted into the fixture to be fastened and into the concrete or base material. Make sure to use stainless steel fasteners when installing the fasteners outdoors to ensure that the fasteners do not rust. Remember that rusted fasteners may loose holding strength and are harder to remove as well. For indoor use, there are zinc plated fasteners that can be used. For concrete nails, they can be fastened easily by positioning the nailer directly on the spot needed to be fastened.
Anchors and screws may require additional installation preparations before actual installation. First, clean the drilled holes using a brush and an air blower to remove debris that may get in the way. Afterward, prepare the injectable epoxy according to manufacturer’s instructions. Using an epoxy dispenser, slowly fill the hole at about 2/3 of the entire depth. Insert the anchor or the screw and let the epoxy cure first before installing the entire fixture to the concrete.
When installing anchors, the recommended spacing requirement is ten anchor diameters apart. For example, if the anchor is 1/2 inch in diameter, then the spacing should be 5 inches apart. For nails, a good 6 to 8 inches apart works great.