Six Types of Composters Explained

Starting to produce your own compost material for your garden or backyard is fairly easy, and the different types of composters available nowadays on the market can help you to create the most suitable composting system for your needs.

Two Basic Styles

Composters come in two basic styles. The first one is the static type and the second is the rotating one where compost material is churned into a compost concoction. Both styles of composters can be placed either indoor or outdoor. However, the static style composter is easier to create yourself than the rotating one.

Indoor Units

1. Composting Crocks

Among the most popular indoor composters are the composting crocks and indoor composters. These two types of units work hand in hand. Kitchen composting crocks are used as temporary short-term storage unit for kitchen scraps that will later on be transferred to larger indoor composters. In fact, the kitchen composting crock can be as plain as an old cookie jar. However, you can find really advanced commercial composting crock models with carbon filters that allow you to avoid the hassle of daily cleaning routines and daily emptying into a larger composter.

2. Indoor Composters

The large indoor composters are designed to contain compost for the full cycle of composting. Thanks to their innovations, indoor composters come off the market with compost activators, biodegradable composting bags, carbon filters, and electric units which heat up the compost in order to speed up the cycle. In fact, it is ideal to buy an indoor composter because these innovations help solve odor problems created by the traditional home-made composter.


Outdoor Composters

3. Yard Pile

Among the most popular outdoor composter options is the yard pile; basically this is a heap of compost materials, such as leaves, twigs, weeds, grass clippings and kitchen waste. All it would need is a regular aeration process, which can be achieved with a spade. However, open piles tend to get a bit problematic if you have lots of pets or rodents in the area, so it is important to keep the pile well covered to avoid huge messes.

4. Plastic Bins

The second type of outdoor composter is a container with a lid. The ideal one would be big black plastic containers because they are made of a strong material and because black can easily trap heat, which is needed for the composting process. However, these plastic bins tend to become problematic when you try to actually get the compost out of them. 

5. Tumbler Composter

This is where the tumbler type of composter comes in handy. It is another type of outdoor composter that has wheels, and thus, you can move it around to the areas which need fertilization, and you can also spin the container around (like a tumbler) so that you won’t have to aerate the compost yourself.

6. Worm Composters

The last type of composters is the pre-fabricated worm composters. However, these shouldn’t be left outside in direct sunlight or in extremely cold winter environments because that might kill your worms. The ideal worm to use is the red wiggler, also known as trout or manure worms. The best thing about these bins is that they come with an installed tap at the bottom which can allow you to collect any forming compost liquids which can be very nutritive for your garden.

These are the most important things one needs to know about the different types of composters. Remember that you can either build your own composter or buy one. Nowadays, there are both static and churning composters that can easily turn your scraps into compost.