The agave plant is a hardy, robust cactus that is native to the U.S. They form little rosettes of elongated leaves that are usually tipped with a spine. The Agave plant is a blue green color, and can also have a cream color along the margins of the leaves. Transplanting an Agave plant is an easy process, but you want to make sure you wear gloves to save yourself from being stuck by the spines.
Transplant Every Other Year
As the cactus grows you will need to transplant it to a new pot every other year. This is mostly due to the plant needing to have fresh soil to grow in. If they do not transplant into a new pot periodically they will become root bound and can even lead to root rot.
Water the plant well before you move to transplant it. This will strengthen the root ball and keep it together when you remove it from the pot.
Use Fresh Soil
Fill the bottom of the new pot with fresh soil and then place the Agave plant in the new soil. Do not let the bottom of the leaves be lower than the pot lip or the root ball to be over the lip. Adjust the soil accordingly until the plant sits correctly in the soil. Fill in around the plant but do not compact too tightly.
Wait on Fertilizing
Once the plant is in the pot do not fertilize right away. You want the roots to begin reaching out in the soil before adding the fertilizer.