Using Peas as a Companion Plant Using Peas as a Companion Plant
Peas can be used as a great companion plant for many other vegetables and herbs. Using peas correctly in your vegetable garden design will surely benefit the other plants in your garden and give you a tasty vegetable to enjoy once the pea pods are ready for picking.
Some of the best companion plants for most vegetables and herbs are peas. Peas work to fix nitrogen in the soil, providing a better habitat for other plants. Some choose to grow the peas before their other plants and then remove the peas once they’ve enriched the soil. Others choose to leave them in so as to continue providing healthy nitrogen to their other plants, what you do depends entirely on your personal preference on the matter, both methods work. Peas naturally want to grow upward so providing a trellis of some sort for them to climb would both ensure your peas are healthy and happy as well as free up space in your garden for other plants. Whether it be for the nitrogen they fix or the excellent source of shade they provide, peas can be an amazing companion plant to most other vegetables and herbs.
What to Avoid
There are a few plants and vegetables that do not work well with peas. For example, onions and garlic are absolutely horrible companion plants for peas. Leeks and shallots are also bad ideas, as well as any late growing potatoes. It’s wise to avoid absolutely anything in the onion family if you want your garden to thrive and produce the most bountiful vegetables it can. The nitrogen the peas provide is too much for these plants and the stuff these plants produce is bad for your peas as well.
What to Use
Now that we have gotten what you should not use as companion plants for peas out of the way it is time to move on to the plants that both benefit and benefit from peas in your vegetable garden. Most types of beans do well with peas, especially pole beans and bush beans. Another great companion plant for peas is lettuce. The pea plants provide beneficial shade to these plants, aside from the previously mentioned benefit of enriched nitrogen in the soil. Planting cucumbers and celery are also good ideas when considering companion plants for your peas. These plants also give off beneficial nutrients that the peas can take advantage of, in turn doing even better at their job. A few other wise choices to look into would be corn, carrots, chicory, sweet pepper, turnips, spinach, radish, strawberries, eggplant, parsley, early potatoes and tomatoes. All of these plants thrive in the shade of the pea plant and benefit greatly from the nitrogen the peas add to the soil.
Hopefully now you have got some great ideas on what you would like to plant next to your peas. Remember that peas provide shade so anything needing a rather large amount of sunlight should be planted far enough away from the peas to get the required sunlight.