Wall Framing Basics: Avoiding Unnecessary Labor Wall Framing Basics: Avoiding Unnecessary Labor
A wall framing is a skeleton or a shell that the building draws its strength from. Wall framing has evolved over the years and the inspiration has been drawn from the building style in Chicago, Illinois in the 1880s. The design was called balloon wall framing and was a radical move from the usual beam and post or what was commonly called timber framing.
If you are considering setting up a frame for your building, here is some wall framing tips on how to do it with less labor.
Plates to be put on the wall must be aligned together from top to bottom. Most of the framers used, line up wall ends so you need to tack together the plates using nails, then mark the framer layouts on the plate sides.
Framing Standard Procedure
A standard format should be followed. Marking locations of studs to be used using ‘X’ or ‘/’, the trimmers must be marked with a unique mark, say ‘T’ and cripples using ‘O’. With this, anyone can tell which is which.
Exterior Walls must be Laid Following an Outside View
Each wall has 2 sides but usually 1 side is more important than the other. So when the layout is for an exterior wall, the outer part of the wall is very important. Ensure that joints for full sheathing sheets are to land on a stud.
Re-Check Sizes of Windows and Doors
As you make the plan and drawings for your wall framing, do not forget the schedule for the doors and windows. It is this schedule that supersedes the entire drawing and has an approximate size of windows when open. If you are not sure about these sizes, to reduce on unnecessary labor, this must be sorted out early enough.
Gang Stud Cutting
If the wall height is 8 foot, then you can use 92 5/8-inch studs that are pre-cut to frame the walls. If the size is not standard 8 foot, then stack the studs in line on sawhorses so as to cut 10 of them or more at once. Since not all studs are perfect, due to a bow or a crown, ensure that when placed on a wall, they all bow to one side when wall framing. If the crown is too much, cut them so as to be blocked later or have them worked on at the lumber yard.
Collective Header Building
To reduce labor, one of the carpenters can build the headers to be used while the other makes the wall lay out. There is a specific number of nails needed for every building type so do not create more work by using unnecessary nails as this will cause a split or joint weakening that will have to be looked into.
Check for wall straightness
Walls must be checked for accuracy. This also reduces unnecessary labor in a way that if there is any error, retouches will be difficult, thus the need to do everything all over again.