What Effects Does Climate Have on Organic Vegetables?
Organic vegetables are produced through organic farming which relies on crop rotation, green manure and biological pest control while excluding or strictly limiting the use of synthetic fertilizers, plant growth regulators and pesticides.
It is important to note that organic soil is the only type of soil in which organic vegetables are grown. Conventional vegetables are grown in soil which is generally sodden with high levels of artificial fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and fungicides and therefore not suitable for organic vegetable growth. Hence, organic vegetables are grown in virgin soil certified as being 100 percent organic without any artificial chemical residues leading to a fully organic produce.
Fertilizers, Growth Regulators & Fungicidal Waxes
Since organic vegetables are grown in the most natural way possible, no vegetable fertilizers or spray insecticides are used to reduce attacks from insects or diseases during growth. Hence, organic vegetables are more vulnerable to disease and insect attacks. Moreover, since no growth regulators that boost growth are used, they will obviously take longer to grow than conventional vegetables making them more susceptible to climate change. In warm climates it is very easy to have organic vegetables attacked by fungi or bacteria. It is very easy for organic vegetables to get damaged through bumps and cuts through which the fungus penetrates the cuticle of the vegetable and eats its core. It is important to note that since farmers do not use fungicidal waxes to prolong the life of vegetables or to protect them from bumps, they are extremely prone to mold growth and eventually rot and decay prematurely.
Obviously, some types of vegetables need warmer weather more than others so it is important to always keep in mind the seasonality of the vegetable in question. Moreover, extreme temperatures will lead to the drying out of the vegetable. In fact, some vegetables like lettuce, broccoli and cabbage grow better in cool climates rather than in the scorching sun, but if the climate is warmer than usual and if the vegetables are organically grown and therefore making use of no protective chemical coating they will either dry out or go bitter. In the same way, tomatoes, which need heat to grow, will have trouble in prolonged colder environments.
Additionally, since organic vegetable growth does not allow the use of growth regulators and fungicidal waxes, plants have to be planted according to season. Therefore climate temperatures and condition will effect the outcome of the produce, resulting in a restricted selection due to seasonal issues. Furthermore, since winters seem to be getting shorter while summers are getting longer, growing vegetables which need cool temperatures tends to become more difficult than before even more so if growth regulators cannot be employed.
Therefore, organic vegetable farming, which doesn’t employ any artificial chemicals to boost growth, kill pests or to protect the plants, is effected by many environmental factors, and yet it may be the healthiest option out there for all those who are conscious of the danger in all the chemicals added during conventional farming procedures.