Wood Selection for a Stockade Fence

A stockade fence is one of the safest kinds of fences, as it has no gaps between its panels and provide complete security. Stockade fences are a good choice if one is looking for complete privacy in the garden or the pool or wants to reduce the amount of noise entering the house. Wood is the most popular material used to create stockade fences. The material is biodegradable, renewable and natural and can be shaped to produce a variety of styles, including picket stockade fences and split-rail fences. Stockade fences can be used for various different reasons, and different kinds of woods can be selected to serve their individual purpose.

Cedar Wood

Cedar wood is a popular choice for a basic stockade fence. It is a long lasting wood-type due to its natural oils and does not get eroded by rain or snow as quickly as other types of wood. Furthermore, it is more stable than its counterparts and seldom shrinks, making it a very good material for stockade fencing in which the wood has to be upright. There are two main types of cedar wood: red and white cedar. Red ceder is more popular in the west, and white in the eastern regions, owing to their availability in those areas. Cedar wood fences typically last longer when placed in concrete as opposed to being dug directly in the ground.

Pressure Treated Wood

Pressure treated wood makes a durable and longer-lasting stockade fence option. This wood is chemically treated to avoid rotting and prevent insect attack. It must be noted that pressure-treated woods are not the most attractive wood types and can be a compromise in terms of aesthetics. Pine wood, for instance, is typically chemically treated before used to form a stockade fence. CCA, or copper chromated arsenic, was the most abundantly used chemical in pressure treating. However, its use declined when it was found to be associated with various hazards. Safer treatment options, such as the application of borate and alkaline copper quaternary (ACQ) are currently used to preserve pressure treated woods. These woods are best avoided if there are infants or young children at home.


Spruce is another commonly used wood for stockade fences. Spruce stockade fences are economical and provide complete privacy. They are available pre-assembled and can easily be painted, polished and cut to suit user requirements. Spruce fences, however, require preservatives to extend their longevity. Spruce, however, tends to take on a blackish-gray tinge with time and requires waterproof sealers and regular painting to maintain its looks. The wood requires chemical sealers and treatment to prevent deterioration, such as cracking and warping. Spruce stockade fences can be easily purchased at gardening stores and nurseries via online vendors.


Higher grade redwood stockade fences are typically more expensive than other types of stockade wood fences but are more effective in insulating and protecting a property against sound and the elements. Natural redwood is durable, strong and resists shrinking and warping. It provides resistance against decay and insects and is an excellent outdoor structural material.